It’s estimated that 10-15 percent of couples in the United States experience infertility, defined as attempting to conceive for a year or more without success. One-third of the time the problem is traceable to an aspect of the woman’s physiology, one-third of the time it is traceable to the man’s physiology, and one-third of the time it is due to problems with both partners or the cause can not be determined.
When the problem is caused by a hormonal imbalance in the man or the woman, therapy to balance the hormones often improves the couple’s chance of conception and makes having a baby possible.
Testing For Women
The first step is to figure out the cause of the problem, starting with a physical examination and a complete heath history. This should include information on menstrual cycles, medications (especially birth control medications), surgical conditions and other medical issues. Hormone levels will be checked and testing done to confirm that ovulation is occurring. Ovulation tests may include temperature tracking, ovulation predictor kits, blood tests, and ultrasound.
Hormone tests often include the following:
- Luteinizing hormone
- Follicle stimulating hormone
- Thyroid Hormones
- Total testosterone
- Free testosterone
If required, additional tests are performed to assess other physical conditions. If issues are found, steps can be taken to correct existing conditions and balance hormone levels, which can increase your chances of conceiving.
Testing For Men
Again, the first step is a complete physical examination and a full medical history. The next step is usually semen analysis, in which the number and motility of sperm are evaluated. If the sperm is found to be normal, your doctor will proceed with hormonal testing to determine if the reproductive hormones in your system are at their proper levels.
Hormones produced by the pituitary gland, hypothalamus and testicles play a key role in sexual development and sperm production. Abnormalities in other hormonal or organ systems might also contribute to infertility. A blood test measures the levels of hormones, including:
- Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
- Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
- Luteinizing hormone (LH)
Once these have been completed, hormonal therapy may be performed to bring hormones to their proper levels, increasing fertility and, ideally, leading to conception.
At Evolved Medical, we understand how frustrating—and heartbreaking—it can be to experience infertility. We would like to help you identify and solve your infertility issues and help you conceive a child. Contact us today to arrange a free consultation.